Abortion Bans Across the Country: Tracking Restrictions by State

Alabama

Banned

Abortion is banned with no exceptions for rape or incest.

Arkansas

Banned

Abortion is banned with no exceptions for rape or incest.

Idaho

Banned

Nearly all abortions are banned and private citizens can sue abortion providers. In January, the Idaho Supreme Court ruled there is no constitutional right to abortion. A federal judge ruled in August that doctors cannot be punished for performing an abortion to protect a patient’s health.

Kentucky

Banned

Abortion is banned with no exceptions for rape or incest. In November, voters rejected a ballot measure that would have amended the State Constitution to say it contains no right to an abortion.

Louisiana

Banned

Abortion is banned with no exceptions for rape or incest.

Mississippi

Banned

Abortion is prohibited with exceptions for rape, but not incest.

Missouri

Banned

Abortion is banned with no exceptions for rape or incest.

North Dakota

Banned

Abortion is prohibited with exceptions for rape or incest only in the first six weeks of pregnancy. A separate ban on abortion most was indefinitely blocked by a judge.

Oklahoma

Banned

Abortion is banned with no exceptions for rape or incest.

South Dakota

Banned

Abortion is banned with no exceptions for rape or incest.

Tennessee

Banned

Abortion is banned with no exceptions for rape or incest.

Texas

Banned

Abortion is banned with no exceptions for rape or incest. Private citizens can sue abortion providers and those who assist patients seeking an abortion after about six weeks of pregnancy.

West Virginia

Banned

Abortion is banned with exceptions for rape and incest.

Wisconsin

Banned

The state has a law from before Roe that bans abortion with no exceptions for rape or incest. The Democratic governor and attorney general filed a lawsuit in 2022, in an attempt to block the ban.

Georgian

Gestational limits

6 weeks

Abortion is banned after about six weeks of pregnancy. A lower-court judge ruled the ban unconstitutional in November, but the State Supreme Court reinstated the ban while an appeal to that ruling proceeds.

Nebraska

Gestational limits

12 weeks

Abortion is banned after 12 weeks of pregnancy. Gov. Jim Pillen, a Republican, signed the ban in May, after weeks of debate in the unicameral legislature and a failed attempt to pass a six-week ban.

Arizona

Gestational limits

15 weeks

Abortion is banned after 15 weeks of pregnancy. Enforcement of a separate ban on abortion from 1864 with no exceptions for rape or incest was blocked by an appeals court.

Florida

Gestational limits

15 weeks

Abortion is banned after 15 weeks of pregnancy. In April, Gov. Ron DeSantis signed a new ban on abortion after six weeks of pregnancy. That measure is not in effect pending a review by the Florida Supreme Court of the state’s abortion laws. The court recognized the right to an abortion in Florida’s Constitution three decades ago, but it has since become more conservative.

Utah

Gestational limits

18 weeks

Abortion is banned after 18 weeks of pregnancy. A judge temporarily blocked a law that would have halted most abortions in the state by requiring the procedure to be performed in hospitals. A separate ban on abortion most was indefinitely blocked by a judge in 2022.

North Carolina

Gestational limits

20 weeks

Abortion is banned after 20 weeks of pregnancy, but a new law banning the procedure after 12 weeks will take effect July 1. In 2022, the governor issued an executive order to shield those seeking or providing abortions in North Carolina from laws in other states.

Indiana

Ban blocked

22 weeks

Two judges have blocked the state’s ban on nearly all abortions while lawsuits against it have proceeded. The Indiana Supreme Court heard oral arguments in one of the cases in January and has not yet ruled.

Iowa

Ban blocked

22 weeks

A ban on abortion after six weeks has been blocked by a judge since 2019, but the governor is seeking its enforcement. In June, the state’s Supreme Court overruled a 2018 decision that said the right to an abortion was protected under the State Constitution.

Montana

Ban blocked

viability

The Legislature passed 10 anti-abortion laws in 2023, including a ban on the most commonly used procedure in the second trimester. That restriction and several others have been blocked by a court. The Montana Supreme Court has ruled that its Constitution protects the right to an abortion.

Ohio

Ban blocked

22 weeks

A judge indefinitely blocked the state’s ban on abortion after six weeks of pregnancy.

South Carolina

Ban blocked

22 weeks

In late May, lawmakers enacted a ban on abortion after about six weeks of pregnancy, but a state judge has temporarily blocked the law. In January, the state’s Supreme Court ruled that a similar ban from 2021 was unconstitutional. Some lawmakers have suggested that the new tire will withstand legal challenges because of changes to the court’s makeup.

Wyoming

Ban blocked

viability

A judge in Wyoming temporarily blocked the state’s new abortion ban after a group of health care providers and abortion funds sued to stop it. The same lawsuit also challenges another law, scheduled to take effect on July 1, that would explicitly ban the use of abortion pills. And a separate ban on most abortions that was enacted earlier and triggered by the Dobbs decision remains indefinitely blocked by a judge.

Alaska

Legal

No gestational limit

The state’s Supreme Court has recognized a right to “reproductive choice” under its Constitution.

Kansas

Legal

22 weeks

The state’s Supreme Court ruled in 2019 that a pregnant woman’s right to personal autonomy is protected in its Constitution, and Kansans voted in August to reject a ballot measure that would have amended the State Constitution to say it contains no right to an abortion. State funds cannot be used to cover the cost of most abortions, and the state has enforced restrictions that limit access to the procedure.

New Hampshire

Legal

24 weeks

Abortion will most likely stay accessible, even though it is not expressly protected by state law and state funds cannot be used to cover the cost of most abortions. The state repealed a pre-Roe ban on abortion in 1997.

Virginia

Legal

viability

Abortion will most likely stay accessible, even though it is not expressly protected by state law and state funds cannot be used to cover the cost of most abortions. Split control of the state legislature may prevent significant changes until after the next election, in November.

Washington, D.C

Legal

No gestational limit

Local law protects abortion throughout pregnancy, and a 2023 law shields providers and patients from legal action brought by other jurisdictions. Congress prohibits the use of taxpayer funds to cover the cost of most abortions in the city.

Californian

Legal with new protections

viability

In November, voters enshrined abortion protections in the State Constitution. The state law protects abortion, and in 2022 the governor signed a bill to shield patients and providers from laws in other states.

Colorado

Legal with new protections

No gestational limit

The state law protects abortion, but a 1984 law prohibits using state funds to cover the cost of most abortions. A 2022 executive order and a 2023 law shield those seeking or providing abortions in Colorado from laws in other states.

Connecticut

Legal with new protections

viability

State law protects abortion. A law expanding which clinicians can provide abortions took effect July 1. The law also shields both providers and patients from out-of-state lawsuits.

Delaware

Legal with new protections

viability

The state law protects abortion, but state funds cannot be used to cover the cost of the procedure. A 2022 law expanded access to providers and shields who seek or provide abortions in Delaware from laws in other states.

hawaiian

Legal with new protections

viability

The state law protects abortion, and a new law has expanded access to providers. A 2022 executive order and a 2023 law shield those seeking or providing abortions in Hawaii from laws in other states.

Illinois

Legal with new protections

viability

The state’s Supreme Court has recognized abortion protections under its Constitution, and the state law protects the procedure. A law signed in January shields those seeking or providing abortions in Illinois from laws in other states.

Maine

Legal with new protections

viability

State law protects abortion. In 2022, the governor issued an executive order to shield those seeking or providing abortions in Maine from laws in other states.

Maryland

Legal with new protections

viability

State law protects abortion, and recent laws have increased access to providers and insurance coverage. A 2023 law shields those seeking or providing abortions in Maryland from laws in other states.

Massachusetts

Legal with new protections

24 weeks

The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court has recognized the right to abortion under its Constitution. A 2022 law shields those seeking or providing abortions in Massachusetts from laws in other states, regardless of the patient’s location. This law is designed to protect those prescribing medication abortion via telemedicine.

Michigan

Legal with new protections

viability

In November, voters enshrined abortion protections in the State Constitution. In 2022, the governor issued an executive order to shield those seeking or providing abortions in Michigan from laws in other states.

Minnesota

Legal with new protections

viability

The state’s Supreme Court has recognized the right to abortion under its Constitution, and in 2023 the state enacted a law to enshrine the right to reproductive care. A 2022 executive order and 2023 law shield those seeking or providing abortions in Minnesota from laws in other states.

Nevada

Legal with new protections

24 weeks

The state law protects abortion, but state funds cannot be used to cover the cost of most abortions. A 2023 law shields those seeking or providing abortions in Nevada from laws in other states.

New Jersey

Legal with new protections

No gestational limit

State law protects abortion throughout pregnancy. In 2022, the governor issued an executive order to shield those seeking or providing abortions in New Jersey from laws in other states.

New Mexico

Legal with new protections

No gestational limit

Abortion will most likely stay accessible, even though it is not expressly protected by state law. A 2022 executive order and a 2023 law shield those seeking or providing abortions in New Mexico from laws in other states.

New York

Legal with new protections

viability

State law protects abortion. In 2022, the governor signed several bills to shield patients and providers from laws in other states.

Oregon

Legal with new protections

No gestational limit

State law protects abortion throughout pregnancy. In 2022, the Legislature approved $15 million to support those seeking the procedure.

Pennsylvania

Legal with new protections

24 weeks

Abortion will most likely stay accessible, even though it is not expressly protected by state law and state funds cannot be used to cover the cost of most abortions. In 2022, the governor issued an executive order that shields those seeking or providing abortions in Pennsylvania from laws in other states.

Rhode Island

Legal with new protections

viability

The state law protects abortion, but state funds cannot be used to cover the cost of most abortions. In 2022, the governor issued an executive order to shield those seeking or providing abortions in Rhode Island from laws in other states.

Vermont

Legal with new protections

No gestational limit

In November, voters enshrined abortion protections in the State Constitution. The state law also protects abortion throughout pregnancy. Two 2023 laws shield those seeking or providing abortions in Vermont from laws in other states, and they include protection for those using medication abortion.

Washington

Legal with new protections

viability

State law protects abortion, and recent laws have expanded access to providers. A 2023 law shields those seeking or providing abortions in Washington from laws in other states.

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